Cash transactions: The limits and penalties under the income tax rules

Cash transactions have played an important role in the Indian economy and have been a persistent cause of the accumulation of black money. The government has set various limits on cash transactions from time to time in order to combat black money.

Paying or receiving cash in excess of these limits is punishable by a steep penalty of up to 100 percent of the amount paid or received.

Income tax laws prohibit cash transactions exceeding the amount of ₹2 lakhs. Even if you receive money from any family member, you must follow this guideline. To limit the usage of cash in high-value transactions, the government, under Section 269ST, prohibits anyone from accepting cash worth more than ₹ 2 lakh. This means that in a single day, an individual cannot accept more than ₹ 2 lakh in cash even from close relatives.

Those who accept cash in excess of ₹ 2 lakh in violation of this clause may face a penalty equivalent to the amount received.

Make sure you don’t pay for health insurance in cash while tax planning. If a taxpayer pays their insurance premium in cash, they are not eligible for the Section 80D deduction. It is required to be done through the banking system.

If a person takes a cash loan from a financial institution or a friend, the total amount cannot be more than ₹ 20,000. The same regulation applies to debt repayment. The repayment of a ₹ 20,000 loan must be made through a financial channel.

In a property transaction, the maximum cash allowed is also ₹ 20,000. The limit remains the same even if a seller accepts an advance.

Regarding self-employed taxpayers, they cannot claim any expenditure over ₹ 10,000 if it’s paid in cash to a single person in a single day. The law establishes a higher threshold of ₹ 35,000 for payments given to a transporter.